Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

Cannabis Law: Federal

This guide serves as a starting point for legal research regarding cannabis law in the United States, with particular attention to Massachusetts.

Proposed/Pending Legislation 2021

Federal Agencies

Federal Agencies that regulate Cannabis products include:

  • FDA: Food and Drug Administration
  • DEA: Drug Enforcement Administration
  • EPA: Environmental Protection Agency

shows a cannabis leaf, split into cannabis-derived and cannabis-related compounds

Marijuana: Schedule I (d) Substance Classification

Under the Controlled Substances Act, Marijuana is listed as a Schedule I hallucinogenic substance, classified as: 

"(A) The drug or other substance has a high potential for abuse.

(B) The drug or other substance has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States.

(C) There is a lack of accepted safety for use of the drug or other substance under medical supervision."

21 U.S.C. § 812(b)(1)

Statutes & Regulations

Statutes:

21 U.S.C § 801-971: Controlled Substances Act

18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(3): Unlawful acts - Firearms

8 U.S.C. § 1227(2)(B)(i): Deportable Aliens - Criminal offenses - Controlled Substances - Convictions

7 U.S.C. § 1639p(e)(2)(A)(iii): Hemp production violations

Regulations:

21 C.F.R. § 1308.35: Exemption of certain cannabis plant material, and products made therefrom, that contain tetrahydrocannabinols.

7 C.F.R. §§ 990.20-990.71: Domestic Hemp Production Program

Law Review Articles - Federal

Articles are accessible with Northeastern Law credentials, through HeinOnline.