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Cannabis Law: Federal

This guide serves as a starting point for legal research regarding cannabis law in the United States, with particular attention to Massachusetts.

Proposed/Pending Legislation 2021

Federal Agencies

Federal Agencies that regulate Cannabis products include:

  • FDA: Food and Drug Administration
  • DEA: Drug Enforcement Administration
  • EPA: Environmental Protection Agency

shows a cannabis leaf, split into cannabis-derived and cannabis-related compounds

Marijuana: Schedule I (d) Substance Classification

Under the Controlled Substances Act, Marijuana is listed as a Schedule I hallucinogenic substance, classified as: 

"(A) The drug or other substance has a high potential for abuse.

(B) The drug or other substance has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States.

(C) There is a lack of accepted safety for use of the drug or other substance under medical supervision."

21 U.S.C. § 812(b)(1)

Statutes & Regulations


21 U.S.C § 801-971: Controlled Substances Act

18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(3): Unlawful acts - Firearms

8 U.S.C. § 1227(2)(B)(i): Deportable Aliens - Criminal offenses - Controlled Substances - Convictions

7 U.S.C. § 1639p(e)(2)(A)(iii): Hemp production violations


21 C.F.R. § 1308.35: Exemption of certain cannabis plant material, and products made therefrom, that contain tetrahydrocannabinols.

7 C.F.R. §§ 990.20-990.71: Domestic Hemp Production Program

Law Review Articles - Federal

Articles are accessible with Northeastern Law credentials, through HeinOnline.