The Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) is a comprehensive body of law governing commercial transactions, produced by the joint efforts of legal scholars from the Uniform Law Commission and the American Law Institute.
The UCC consists of eleven "articles", the most commonly referenced of which is Article 2: Sales:
Bank Deposits & Collections
Letters of Credit
Warehouse Receipts, Bill of Lading and Other Documents of Title
UCC AND THE STATES
Like all Uniform Laws, the UCC was developed as model legislation to promote uniformity among the states. Today, all 50 states, and the District of Columbia, have adopted the UCC in some form into their legislative codes.
To see how the UCC appears in a particular state, check the state's annotated code (look for UCC in the index).
To compare states, try any of the following:
LexisNexis' UCC State Variation Table - full text, arranged by UCC section
Westlaw's UCC State Variation Service - search by UCC section, state name or state section
WestlawNext's UCC Local Code Variations - arranged by UCC section
Cornell LII's Uniform Commercial Code Locator - free resource with links to state statutes
Official comments to the UCC are prepared by the editorial board of the ALI / ULC. They are not part of the text of the law, but are there to offer background and explanation for each code section.
Treatises are in-depth treatments of a legal subject written by scholars in the field. Look to the footnotes for references to primary sources (cases, statutes and regulations) and other secondary sources. Hornbooks are shorter treatises geared toward law students.
The following is a selected list of treatises concentrating on the UCC. For others related to contracts generally, see the Secondary Sources tab.
This page contains selected resources at NUSL library useful for researching the Uniform Commercial Code.
When doing research on the UCC, there are four main tools to use:
Secondary sources are a good place to begin for background and interpretation of the law.
To find law journal and law review articles on the UCC, use any of the following tools available via a link from the Law Library's Research Databases page:
HeinOnline, Lexis and Westlaw have selective full-text coverage of law review and law journal articles.
Lexis and Westlaw include specialized databases on commercial law.
From the Home page: All Practice Areas and Topics tab > Commercial Law (UCC)
From the Home page: Topics > Commercial Law
To find the appropriate citation form for the UCC and cases, use:
Law Reserve, Law Reference and Law Stacks KF245 .B58
* See Rule 12.9.4 for UCC citation; See Rule 10 for cases *