You may also want to look at secondary sources such as looseleaf services, treatises, journals, etc. These will be the best starting point for your research because these provide you with current awareness services and references to statutes, regulations, and any decisions relevant to your specific issues. You may be frustrated by the complexity of immigration sources if you are simply looking at the annotated statute, following the references to regulations and spending enormous time in finding any relevant federal and administrative decisions. The best research skill in the immigration law is drawing a big regulatory landscape based on each topic and key term such as removal, deportation, criminal offense, visa application, etc. by the assistance of the secondary sources.
Additionally, if you are a practitioner preparing various documents for your client’s visa application and the change of his/her status, you may want to go to websites of various administrative bodies such as USCIS(U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services under the Department of Homeland Security), the U.S. Department of Labor, the U.S. Department of State, etc.
US CITIZENSHIP & IMMIGRATION SERVICES ("USCIS"): USCIS was previously known as the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services ("BCIS"), created under the auspices of the US Department of Homeland Security's ("DHS") Homeland Security Act of 2002 ("HSA"). On October 13, 2004, the DHS issued a Federal Register notice of a name change from BCIS to USCIS.
Policy Manual: Provides guidance on the adjudication of various applications and petitions filed for immigration and naturalization benefits and deal with specific applications, discussing general matters, basic requirements, issues and actions relating to those applications. It also provides statistical reports and administration of the Adjudications program. Westlaw
This is the centralized online repository for immigration policies, which will ultimately replace the Adjudicator's Field Manual ("AFM"), as available to the public from the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services ("USCIS") administration. The USCIS, part of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, provides this manual to assist field officers in their daily responsibilities. A document is a section of text, an appendix, a table, or a table of contents. Until the transition is complete, USCIS officers will use those current policies stated in the 1) AFM (Westlaw), 2) policy memoranda, and 3) USCIS Policy Manual.
USCIS' REFUGEE, ASYLUM, AND INTERNATIONAL OPERATIONS DIRECTORATE ("RAIO"): Oversees, plans, and implements policies related to asylum seekers and refugees, and provides US immigration services overseas with US embassies and US points of entry, as well as within the continental US. Works closely with other governmental agencies (e.g. DHS, Department of Defense, and US Intelligence Community) and charity and aid organizations, foreign nations, and intergovernmental organizations.
Affirmative Asylum Procedures Manual ("AAPM"): Updated and revised as of May 2016. Provides information on how to process an affirmative asylum application within an Asylum Office, consisting of  sections: USCIS / AILA
|Section I||Background Information: References with which all asylum personnel should be familiar in order to process an asylum application|
|Section II||The Affirmative Asylum Application: Follows the processing of an application from the point at which an applicant receives a blank asylum application, through the issuance of a decision by the USCIS|
|Section III||Expanded Topics: Provides more detail on some topics referenced in Section II, and includes topics that may cause an asylum application to be handled differently from the norm|
|Section IV||How-To: Explains how to prepare certain documents that Asylum Office personnel issue to applicants in support of a decision to approve, deny, or refer an asylum application|
US IMMIGRATION AND NATURALIZATION SERVICE ("INS"): Agency no longer exists, albeit that some secondary sources still refer to it.
|INS Activity||Transferred Agency|
|Administration of immigration services (e.g. permanent residence), naturalization, asylum||USCIS|
|Investigative and enforcement functions (e.g. investigations, deportation, and intelligence)||US Immigration and Customs Enforcement ("ICE")
|Border functions (e.g. Border Patrol and INS Inspectors||
US Customs and Border Protection ("CBP")
largest federal agency of the DHS
USCIS' Westlaw page Includes:
INS Inspector's Field Manual: Details official CBP policies and procedures for CBP's immigration mission. The IFM should be used with the Immigration and Nationality Act (“INA” or “Act”), Title 8 of the Code of Federal Regulations (8 CFR), official CBP directives, et al. Westlaw
INS Training Materials: This is the Basic Law Manual and materials on Asylum Officer Basic Training. As such, it houses information on international immigration law in regards to refugees and asylum. Westlaw
DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE ("DOJ"): Under delegated authority from the US Attorney General, the primary mission of the DOJ's Executive Office for Immigration Review ("EOIR") is to conduct immigration court proceedings, appellate reviews, and administrative hearings primarily through the DOJ EOIR's Board of Immigration Appeals ("BIA").
|Prior to January 9, 1983||INS operated BIA. Conflict of interest, enforcing itself as INS was charged with enforcement of Federal immigration laws.|
|January 9, 1983||
EOIR created as separate DOJ agency and BIA transferred to EOIR
Now Immigration Courts independent of INS
|1987||DOJ's Office of the Chief Administrative Hearing Officer ("OCAHO") added. OCAHO responsible for general supervision and management of Administrative Law Judges.|
BIA: This is the highest administrative body for interpreting and applying immigration laws and has nationwide jurisdiction to hear appeals of decisions rendered by immigration judges and by district judges of the DHS in which the US Government is one party. It does not conduct courtroom proceedings but appeals conducted by "paper review" of cases (occasionally, BIA hears oral arguments of appealed cases which are usually from its Falls Church, Virginia headquarters).
|Most appeals||Orders of removal and applications for relief from removal|
Exclusion of aliens applying for admission to the US
Petitions to classify the status of alien relatives for the issuance of preference immigrant visas
Fines imposed upon carriers for the violation of immigration laws
Motions for reopening and reconsideration of decisions previous rendered
BIA decisions are binding on all DHS officers and immigration judges, unless modified or overruled by 1) the US Attorney General, or 2) federal court. BIA decisions designated for publication (most are not) are available at Administrative Decisions Under Immigration and Nationality Laws of the United States.
Immigration Court Practice Manual: Published by the US Department of Justice's Executive Office for Immigration Review ("EOIR"), this guides attorneys and representatives on practice before the immigration courts. DOJ Website / Westlaw / KF4819 .E55 2008
BIA Practice Manual: US Department of Justice's Board of Immigration Appeals ("BIA") Practice Manual guides attorneys and representatives on practice before the Board. DOJ Website
CHAPTER 2 APPEARANCES BEFORE THE BOARD
|Chapter 2.2||Unrepresented aliens ("pro se")|
Accredited representatives approved by the Office of Legal Access Programs ("OLAP") to represent aliens before the BIA, Immigration Courts, and/or DHS. Individual must work for a specific nonprofit religious, charitable, social service, or similar organization recognized by OLAP to represent aliens. Recognition & Accreditation (R&A) Program.
Expressly recognized by the BIA
2.5: Law students and law graduates
2.7: Immigration Specialists (including visa consultants and "notarios")
2.8: Family Members
Attorneys (2.3) and fully accredited representatives who are accredited to appear before EOIR (2.4) must register with EOIR's eRegistry (will get unique EOIR ID number). Failing to provide required registration information risks being administratively suspended from practice before EOIR.
AMERICAN IMMIGRATION LAWYERS ASSOCIATION ("AILA"): Founded on October 14, 1946, AILA is a nonpartisan, not-for-profit voluntary bar association headquartered in Washington, D.C. with 38 chapters, +50 national committees, and +15,000 attorneys and law professors. Its activities include assistance in securing permanent residency for individuals and corporations, and pro bono work include representation of foreign students, entertainers, athletes, and asylum seekers, It also provides continuing legal education, information, professional services and expertise. Its publications are peer-reviewed.
Online Access: AILA's publications are available online, but are restricted to NUSL's (NOT general Northeastern community) faculty, students, and staff (max 15 users at a time). AILA Link Online
GENERAL IMMIGRATION LAW
Practical overview of US immigration law (from passage of first immigration-related statute to current state of affairs) , and essential elements and principes. KF4819 .B67 201 (AILA Link Online)
Kurzban's Immigration Law Sourcebook: Published since 1990, Kurzban is regarded as a "go-to" legal reference on US immigration law for practitioners, students, and faculty. It is updated annually and includes comprehensive overviews on cases, legislative history, regulations, statutes, and agency rulings. It has been cited in case decisions (e.g. ineffective assistance of counsel in U.S. v. Juarez, 672 F.3d 381 (5th Cir. 2012)). It addresses recent changes to US immigration law under the Trump administration, such as changes to removal policies, humanitarian programs, visas, and programs and benefits abjudications. KF4819.3 .K87 (AILA Link Online)
Navigating the Fundamentals of Immigration Law: +500 pages of advice and guidance, along with descriptions of the most common visa classifications. It is designed to be a "core curriculum" handbook focusing on the fundamental elements of immigration law and practice. (AILA Link Online only)
Immigration Practice Pointers: Tips for Handling Complex Cases: ~1900 pages of practical advice and guidance by immigration law practitioners, including advanced immigration law topics such as employment-based NIVs, labor certification (PERM), and worksite enforcement. KF 4819.A2 A415 (AILA Link Online)
Founded in 1937 and headquartered in New York, the National Lawyers Guild ("NLG") is the US' oldest and largest progressive bar association, and the first to be racially integrated. It was founded as an alternative to the ABA in protest of ABA's exclusionary membership practices and conservative political orientation, and was the first US bar association to allow admission of minorities.
NATIONAL IMMIGRATION PROJECT: Authored most NLG publications which were previously paper looseleaf services and have now gone paperless.
US Citizenship and Naturalization Handbook: Provides in-depth examination of current naturalization (including recently enacted legislation) procedures and forms, step-by-step guidance from the filing of the application through admission to citizenship (including wild cards such as the way citizenship can vest automatically), analysis of primary law, agency cables and memoranda, and forms. Also has comprehensive overview of history and development of US citizenship and naturalization law. Westlaw
Immigration Law & Defense: Concise explanation of key aspects of immigration law with extensive references to judicial decisions and federal regulations, parallel citations to the U.S. Code and the Immigration and Nationality Act, and more than 90 forms. Westlaw / KF8925.E4 I55
Immigration Law & Crimes: Examines the immigration consequences of criminal activity on non-citizens. Includes sample pleadings and forms. Westlaw
Immigration Law & the Family: Detailed analysis of the law and procedure governing the acquisition of lawful permanent residence status in the United States through a family relationship.
IMMIGRATION LEGAL RESOURCE CENTER ("ILRC"): ILRC originated in 1979 by Bill Ong Hing (immigrant rights attorney) in the wake of the civil rights movement and the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 ("Hart-Celler Act").Previously known as the Golden Gate Immigration Clinic, as California was a major gateway for the influx of immigrants resulting from the Hart-Celler Act.
Inter-Library Loan (ILL): Currently, the ILRC resources are only available via ILL to current NUSL faculty, staff and students.
A Guide for Immigration Advocates: How-to manual and illustrates concepts with applications, charts, and examples. Provides further resources (e.g. books, Internet research, systems for identifying the potential remedies in a case, and case management techniques). ILRC
Naturalization and US Citizenship: The Essential Legal Guide: 15 eds. Designed for attorneys and practitioners working with community-based organizations. Sample forms, Immigration Service memos, practice guides. Discusses USCIS Policy Manual updates. ILRC Covers topics such as:
Essentials of Asylum Law: Legal theories and rules underpinning current asylum claims, including each of legal elements of asylum claim. ILRC:
Bars to asylum and alternative relief options (namely Withholding of Removal and protection under the Convention Against Torture).
|Affirmative Application||Defensive Application|
|Filed with USCIS||Immigration court|
T Visas: A Critical Immigration Option for Survivors of Human Trafficking: Representing human trafficking survivor in immigration case (T nonimmigrant status, adjustment applications, Form I-914 nonimmigrant status applications). ILRC
DACA: The Essential Legal Guide: Based on ILRC's two decades of community education, outreach, training and technical assistance on issues impacting immigrant youth, including what applicants can do after they receive DACA such as travel on advance parole and sometimes even adjust their status to permanent residence. Sample documents and forms, practice advisories, guides, and examples demonstrating legal concepts. ILRC
In 2000, Times Mirror Company sold its Matthew Bender & Company ("Bender") publications and 50% share of Shepard's to British-Dutch publishing giant Reed Elsevier for $1.65 billion in cash. Bender publications are cited by courts with 40% more frequency than any other secondary source.
Goldon, Mailman, Yale-Loehr & Wada Immigration Law and Procedure
Considered the flagship immigration treatise. Seems to supplant the popular but now out-of-print PERM Guidebook for Foreign Labor Certification, which was a database of nine comprehensive chapters providing a complete analysis of the DOL's Final PERM Rule (issued December 27, 2004 and taking into effect March 28, 2005), which implemented a new system of labor certification for the permanent employment of US aliens. LexisAdvance
|Immigration and Nationality Act ("INA") Service||Biannually||Contains INA in its entirety. Footnote references indicate origin of major amendments to INA, notes contain text of selected ancillary provisions of law not enacted as part of INA, and appendix contains selected non-INA sections of Title 8 (Aliens and Nationalty). LexisAdvance|
|Immigration Regulations Service||Monthly||From 1989. 8 CFR, DOS, DOJ, DOL, and HHS Regulations. LexisAdvance|
|Immigration Law Practice Expediter||Quarterly||Practice Guide/Roadmap to all the main areas of immigration law, it leads the user through visas and other immigration processes in a very practical way, while referencing and linking out to the treatise or primary source sections relevant to the particular task being performed by the user. LexisAdvance|
|J Visa Handbook||Annually||
One-stop resource for dealing with questions related to the exchange visitor nonimmigrant visa program, covering the regulations on aliens and advising program sponsors how to comply with these regulations. Includes history of exchange visitor program, sponsorship requirements for each exchange visitor category. Subjects ranging from the appointment of responsible program officers and the preparation of DS-2019, to recordkeeping requirements, the supervision of J-1 program participants, and sanctions for noncompliance. LexisAdvance
|Immigration Official Forms||Annually||LexisAdvance|
|Modern Privacy & Surveillance Law||Annually||
First major treatise on USA PATRIOT Act, emphasizing the practical implications, burdens and options for organizations and individuals cooperating with and subject to government evolving reporting requirements, information requests and surveillance. USA PATRIOT Act was drafted and enacted in six weeks in wake of 9/11, and have already encountered constitutional problems (e.g. surveillance and database tracking). LexisAdvance
FRAGOMEN: Fragomen, Del Rey, Bernsen & Loewy LLP ("Fragomen"), established in 1951 and headquartered in New York, is the world's largest firm focusing its practice solely on global immigration law. This series is authored by Chairman of Fragomen's Executive Committee, Austin T. Fragomen, Jr., et al.
Immigration Legislation Handbook: Recent immigration bills (both enacted and proposed) and executive actions on immigration are discussed in detail with their practical impact in mind. This also reports on a number of important developments in the past year with regard to immigration legislation enacted in past years. Westlaw
Immigration Procedures Handbook: Immigration Procedures Handbook, replaced annually, simplifies the process of preparing and presenting immigration petitions, forms, and applications. Westlaw
H-1B Handbook: H-1B Handbook, replaced annually, provides practical advice and forms essential for navigating the H-1B nonimmigrant visa approval process with all the rules, regulations, forms, supporting documentation, legal discussion, and citations to case law needed to obtain H-1B status. Westlaw
Immigration Law & Business: This addresses the immigration concerns of corporations and other businesses. It provides in-depth coverage of immigration legislation and its impact upon immigration practice. Westlaw
Global Business Immigration Handbook: This provides immigration professionals (including, but not exclusive to attorneys, human resources professionals, and relocation specialists) with comprehensive information on global mobility. Each chapter covers a major business immigration destination and is organized around a standard template that aims to highlight common issues confronting employers, international assignees, and their family members. Westlaw
Labor Certification Handbook: Labor Certification Handbook provides practical, "how-to" guidance on the entire process of obtaining labor certification for aliens under the Department of Labor's PERM regulation, from the client interview through approval or denial. Westlaw
Immigration Employment Compliance Handbook: This handbook will help you comply with federal employment eligibility and discrimination requirements under the Immigration Control and Reform Act of 1986 (IRCA) and other federal legislation and regulations in the areas of employment discrimination and employer sanctions. Westlaw
Immigration Practice: Authored by Robert C. Divine, Partner and leader of Immigration Group of Baker Donelson, one reviewer says it "is like having an AILA mentor sitting beside you at work. Your real-world examples, suggestions, and strategies make the morass of laws and regulations comprehensible." Practicum meets commentary/analysis. +3,000 footnote citations to statutes, regulations, court and administrative cases, policy memos, operations instructions, agency interpretative letters, and interest sites. Checklist of forms, and strategies for application/petition packages (including supporting evidence). KF4819 .I4838
Immigration Practice Manual: 32-chapter, indispensable guide for those who represent immigrants in every possible situation - from aliens of extraordinary ability in the arts or sciences to victims of domestic abuse who are facing deportation. This practical guide was designed to make the answers available to you when you counsel your client, explaining in clear language.
Steel on Immigration Law: Basic structure of the immigration law, non-immigrants, permanent resident status in general, family and employment-based immigration, refugees and asylees, grounds of inadmissibility, admission and exclusion procedures, removal grounds and procedures, citizenship and naturalization, and criminal and civil penalties for violations of immigration laws. In-depth analyses of immigration law and procedure in virtually every kind of case arising under immigration laws including:
Comprehensive coverage of legislation and changes in the H-1B nonimmigrant temporary worker program. Westlaw
Immigration Pleading and Practice Manual: Contains expertly drafted motions, notices, and applications most often required in judicial and administrative federal immigration practice Westlaw:
|Sample Filing||With authors' supporting legal memorandum|
|Practitioner's Notes||Explains legal principles and practical considerations applicable to use in particular motion|
|Annotated Directories||Of statutes, regulations, agency memoranda, and relevant agency and judicial decisions|
|References||To related treatises and other publications|
Immigration Trial Handbook: Step-by-step, practice-oriented guidebook that discusses procedure, techniques, and strategies for representing noncitizens in removal proceedings at administrative level. Covers trial practice under the US DOJ EOIR's Immigration Court Practice Manual. Starts with overview of inadmissibility and deportability. Westlaw. Includes:
Asylum Case Law Sourcebook: Summarizes important federal court asylum decisions since 1980, +1,000 decisions categorized by subject matter with outlines of most important elements of court's holding with full citation and case history, asylum seeker's country of origin, and significant topics. 1,922 pages so for maximum efficiency, take advantage of the 1) introductory guide, and 2) index (by topic, country of origin, and case name). Westlaw