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Consumer Protection: Debt Collection - New York

Web Resources


New York Court Structure

Court Guides

Guides to courts throughout New York from the New York State Unified Court System.

New York State Courts: An Introductory Guide

Published in Jan. 2014, 18 page introduction to the New York State court system, written by Chief Judge Jonathan Lippman and Chief Administrative Judge A. Gail Prudenti.


NY Public Interest Group

NYPIRG: New York Public Interest Group

The New York Public Interest Research Group (NYPIRG) is New York State's largest student-directed research and advocacy organization. Its principal areas of concern are environmental protection, consumer rights, higher education, government reform, voter registration, mass transit and public health. Its consumer work is wide ranging across many consumer issues. With a full-time staff and student chapters across the state, it produces reports and studies on national and New-York specific consumer issues, which are provided on this site along with press releases and topical news features.

Laws, Regulations, Case Law

New York, regulations first appear in the weekly New York State Register and then are compiled in a subject (or Title) arrangement in the Official Compilation of the Codes, Rules and Regulations of the State of New York (NYCRR). New York regulations become relevant in Article 78 proceedings in court when the claim is the agency acted arbitrarily in promulgating or following its own regulations.

The complete NYCRR is available on Lexis and Westlaw. A free unofficial version of the NYCRR is available on the Web. Some of the N.Y. agency websites will have some references to regulations.

How to find cases:

    • Full text searching on LEXIS and WESTLAW: Full text searching best used when the topic has "terms of art" 
    • Subject searching:  To find cases on a particular subject, use either the Key Number system (on Westlaw or in the print Digests) or the Lexis headnotes.  Subject searching for cases is best used when the issue can be expressed using many different terms or phrases.  The Key Number system divides up all of the possible areas of law into Topics - e.g. Insurance - and then subdivides each Topic - e.g. Civil Practice and Procedure. These subdivisions are assigned numbers, which are called Key Numbers . 

      You can identify your relevant Topic(s) and Key Number(s):
      • through the headnotes of a known case (on Lexis or Westlaw)
      • by scanning the Topic outline
      • using Key Number link on Westlaw or Search for a Headnote on Lexis